Metals and Materials

Japanese Stainless Steel

The stainless steel used to create these pieces is lead, cadmium and nickel free. Stainless Steel is an excellent medium for jewelry. Most commonly known as a commercial metal, it has been the top choice for the fabrication of kitchen appliances to watches. It is a very strong metal that is non-reactive meaning when worn, it will not cause allergic reactions, rashes or discolour on your skin.

Depending upon any extra metals or stones added to your new jewelry item, cleaning is very simple. Stainless steel can be cleaned with household soap and water, jewelry cleaner or if you have stainless steel cleaner handy, this will work. If your new jewelry has been adorned with pearls, special precautions need to be taken and a cleaner meant for pearls will need to be used. Other stones, gold or silver can be easily cleaned with commercial jewelry cleaner.

Sterling Silver and Fine Silver

This is a very common metal used in the manufacture of jewelry. Jewelry is traditionally made from Sterling Silver which is an alloy of 92.5% silver with 7.5% copper. In the US, only an alloy consisting of at least 90% silver can be labeled “fine silver” and will be stamped 900. Traditional 925 silver is harder and longer wearing than fine silver.

Silver has been used for thousands of years to create jewelry, ornaments and currency. In European folklore, silver was considered a magical element and was highly prized. Silver will tarnish easily when exposed to salt water, perfumes or body lotions and through daily wear. It is recommended that this metal is cleaned with a specific silver cleaner which can be found almost everywhere.

Gold/Rose Gold

14K and 10K are used in the creation of our pieces. We use Rose Gold which is known as “pink gold”, “red gold” or “Russian gold”. Rose gold is created by alloying gold with copper to create the pink or reddish hue to the metal. The difference between red, rose and pink gold is the amount of copper used during the alloying process. During ancient times, due to impurities and issues during the smelting process gold frequently turned red in colour.

Some of our pieces are created specifically with gold and rose gold but can also be created using durable and long wearing gold filled. We recommend using commercial gold jewelry cleaners for the maintenance of your gold or gold filled items.

Gold Filled

Gold Filled is also known as “rolled gold” or “rolled gold plate”. Gold filled items are really wonderful because you can have the look of a gold item at the fraction of the cost. Gold filled is not to be confused with gold plate or gold electroplate. Gold filled is actually a layer of gold which is bonded onto a base metal like brass. The bonding process seals the gold to the base metal. There are specific government standards regarding the depth of the layer of bonded gold.

Gold filled jewelry can withstand daily wear just like a gold item and can last anywhere from 5 to 20 years depending upon your wear and tear with the item. The gold filled wire and accents used in our pieces are strategically placed to avoid excessive rubbing from harder wire jump rings and accents are generally free floating to avoid friction with other parts of the piece.

We do not use gold plate or electroplated wire or accents in our pieces as personal preference.


Copper has been used in the manufacture of jewelry for thousands of years. In the Roman era, copper was mined on the island of Cyprus, hence the origin of it’s name cyprium which meant “metal of Cyprus”. Copper is highly conductive which is why it is the metal of choice for electrical wiring. During the Bronze age, copper was combined with tin to create Bronze metal.

Copper is a beautiful metal to work with and create jewelry. The red shiny nature of copper is very attractive and as it oxidizes or becomes exposed to the elements, the aging colour becomes dark red to dark brown. Copper is easily cleaned and we recommend commercial copper cleaner or jewelry cleaners which can be purchased at most hardware, grocery or specialty stores.


Bronze is an alloy that is created by combining copper and tin. This strong metal has been around since antiquity. The earliest items found made out of this alloy date back over 4000 years ago. Initial uses of bronze included tools, weapons and in ship building due to its toughness and resistance to corrosion. This metal is still commonly used in ship propellers today! Bronze is still the preferred metal for musical instruments, bells, guitar strings and other items.

When used in jewelry this metal has a beautiful red to warm golden colour. Bronze withstands daily wear well and as it ages, takes on a very nice “ancient” or “antique” look which is ideal for creating traditional Byzantine jewelry. Cleaning and maintenance of this metal is very simple and can be easily done using commercial jewelry cleaners.

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